Automotive Voltage Indicator

Monitors battery voltage

Three-LED Display

Circuit diagram:

Automotive Voltage Control


R1,R3,R6________1K   1/4W Resistors
R2____________100K   1/4W Resistor
R4,R5,R7,R8_____3K3  1/4W Resistors

D1__________Red LED (Any dimension and shape)
D2________Amber LED (Any dimension and shape)
D3,D4,D5_____1N4148   75V 150mA Diodes
D6_________BZX79C10   10V 500mW Zener Diode
D7________Green LED (Any dimension and shape)
D8,D9________1N4148   75V 150mA Diodes
D10________BZX79C12   12V 500mW Zener Diode

Q1,Q2_________BC547   45V 100mA NPN Transistors
Q3____________BC557   45V 100mA PNP Transistor


Connecting this circuit to the battery of your vehicle, you will always know at a glance the approximate voltage available.
An indication of battery voltage is useful to the motorist for monitoring the battery's capacity to deliver current, and as a check on the efficiency of the dynamo or alternator.
Threshold voltages of the LEDs are set by means of two Zener Diodes (D6 & D10) plus two further Diodes wired in series (D4, D5 and D8, D9 respectively) adding a step of about 1.3V to the nominal Zener voltage.

LED indication: