Simple Capacitance Meter

Operates in conjunction with a voltmeter

1pF to 22µF in six Ranges - 9V Battery supply

Circuit diagram:

Simple Capacitance Meter


P1_____________470R  Linear Potentiometer

R1 to R6________47K  1/2W Cermet or Carbon Trimmers
R7______________10K  1/4W Resistor
R8_____________100R  1/4W Resistor

C1_______________1nF  63V Polyester or Polystyrene Capacitor 5% Tolerance or better
C2______________10nF  63V Polyester or Polystyrene Capacitor 5% Tolerance or better
C3_____________100nF  63V Polyester Capacitor 5% Tolerance or better
C4_______________1µF  63V Polyester Capacitor 5% Tolerance or better
C5______________10µF  25V Electrolytic Capacitor (See Notes)
C6______________47µF  25V Electrolytic Capacitor

IC1____________4093  Quad 2 input Schmitt NAND Gate IC
IC2___________78L05    5V 100mA Regulator IC

SW1____________2 poles 6 ways Rotary Switch
SW2____________SPST  Toggle or Slide Switch

J1,J2__________1 or 2mm. chassis sockets (See Notes)
J3,J4___________4mm  Output sockets

B1_______________9V  PP3 Battery

Clip for PP3 Battery


A Capacitance Meter can be an useful tool for the electronics amateur, mainly to measure the value of capacitors obtained after dismantling old radios, PC cards and other electronics appliances.
Good quality capacitors can be found frequently, but often their capacitance value is unknown because the lettering on the case is hardly readable: in some cases being partially or completely erased.
This device can measure capacitors in the 1pF to 22µF range with good accuracy if low tolerance capacitors are used for C1 - C5, and is even more appealing as it requires a common digital or analog Multimeter set to 2V dc voltage range to clearly and cheaply display the unknown capacitor value.
This test tool can be useful also when a more tight value is required for a capacitor: selecting it from a batch will become much easier.

Circuit Operation:

In conjunction with a voltmeter, this circuit gives a direct reading of capacitance. IC1A and IC1B form an oscillator and buffer, the frequency being set by R1 to R6 trimmers and C1 to C5 capacitors switched by SW1A and B in six different ranges. Output goes to IC1D, one of whose inputs is inverted and delayed by the unknown component by time proportional to its value. At the output of IC1D, normally high, a negative-going pulse with a width proportional to the capacitance appears, the duty cycle of the output and, therefore, the average voltage indicating the value of capacitance.
Supply voltage stability is required for accuracy: therefore, a small 5V voltage regulator IC was added.

Circuit Calibration:

To calibrate, set the dvm to its 2V range and remove CX, adjusting P1 for a zero reading (a very narrow pulse is present in this condition due to the inherent delay of IC1C). For ranges 2 to 6 (2nF to 20µF) connect a capacitor of the same value and tolerance of C2 to C5 in the CX position, set the frequency switch and adjust R2 to R6 trimmers for reading the correct value on the Multimeter display.
Obviously, this operation must be repeated five times, connecting the correct capacitor in the CX position and adjusting the corresponding Trimmer for each range.
To calibrate the first range (200pF) set the frequency switch in the first position and connect a 100pF low tolerance polystyrene capacitor in the CX position. Then adjust R1 for a reading of 100 on the display.